Regulatory Agency Synopsis
The United States regulatory bodies in health care are meant to ensure there is a high quality care to patients, supervision, maintenance, and support of health care institutions, as well as assistance to individual healthcare providers. Regulations are important in the health care as this sphere is one of the areas of human operation that are most subjected to risky factors (McGlynn et al., 2003). The various bodies protect the public from numerous health risks and also provide them with the opportunity for qualified public healthcare, and their welfare through the control of activities of the medical facilities tasked with the duty of ensuring the aforementioned benefits are in place (Ferlie & Shortell, 2001). Some of the regulatory bodies in the United States include the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS), Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Description of the Regulatory Bodies in the US
The regulation bodies mentioned above have different roles, scopes of regulation, and levels of authority. The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services operate on the national level and are responsible for overseeing most of the regulations that are related directly to the United States health care system (Ferlie & Shortell, 2001). This regulation agency also bears the responsibility for the provision of the government-subsidized medical coverage through several programs.
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is a federal body tasked with protecting the environment and human health. It does so through writing and at the same time enforcing the laws that are to be further passed by the Congress. This national level organization also works with the industries and all levels of the government to prevent pollution in the United States. Through the initiatives aimed at the prevention of environmental pollution, the health of the American people is considered.
The other body regulating healthcare provision in the country is the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality which operates on the national level and is responsible for conducting various types of research that is aimed at improving the quality of healthcare to the people, reducing the costs associated with medical services, addressing the safety of patients, and dealing with the medical faults that may be uncovered (McGlynn et al., 2003). The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention work globally and have the responsibility for investigating the state of public health and identifying the possible health pressures that they can get from infectious diseases. This regulatory body monitors disability, birth defects, emergency preparedness and response, promotion of health and work place safety. U.S. Food and Drug Administration is a federal body that has the role of controlling the effectiveness and safety of the drug production and distribution of the country for both animals and humans. The body is additionally responsible for the regulation of food safety, food supply for animals, cosmetics, dietary supplements, medical equipment, and biologics (McGlynn et al., 2003).
Relevance of the Regulatory Organizations
The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality is important as it will regulate the research that doctors of nursing practice (DNP) graduates want to put into use. There is a range of the research that DNP graduates submit but these do not meet the requirements. The body ensures that the researches correspond to the demands and are important to improving healthcare.
In the United States, there are strict rules and regulations created by certain agencies and the compliance of any healthcare provider with these is obligatory and monitored. The CDC’s relevance to the DNP graduates as an organization and a regulatory body lies in providing them with the measures that they need to adhere to in their daily operations when they diagnose the diseases, handle them, and/or find the methods that they may use in their prevention. Since DNP graduates need to put their research into practice, the CDC is also relevant in giving the necessary guidelines regarding the most appropriate ways of doing it. The agencies have also been important in accreditation of the DNP specialist, which is significant to ascertaining the safety, quality, and reimbursement practices in healthcare facilities (Temin, 1980). The facilities are regularly inspected to guarantee that the health of the public is paid sufficient attention to. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention also relevant in providing expert information and tools that are needed in protecting health, preventing diseases, and also dealing with disability (McGlynn et al., 2003).
The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services have been important and relevant in providing cost effective care standards. DNP graduated through the regulations by the body will understand the terms and the regulations that they need to put in insurance and caring for the aged and disabled in the society. Regulation in the bodies has become increasingly important part of the health care system as the decisions that are made in the health care are currently limited and regulated. The regulations that lead to the creation of laws and rules have been important in ensuring that DNP graduates have the right knowledge in the health care sector and they act and care for patients according to the set standards (Temin, 1980).
To sum up, the significance of the regulatory function of the aforementioned agencies cannot be diminished under any condition. The delivery of the medical services has definitely been improved through the legislations and the rules set by them. The relevance for the DNP graduates is also unquestionable as being the potential skeleton of the nursing profession they need proper guidance to be aware of and comply with what is required to be a true professional.
Ferlie, E. B., & Shortell, S. M. (2001). Improving the quality of health care in the United Kingdom and the United States: A framework for change. The Milbank Quarterly, 79(2), 281-315.
McGlynn, E. A., Asch, S. M., Adams, J., Keesey, J., Hicks, J., DeCristofaro, A., & Kerr, E. A. (2003). The quality of health care delivered to adults in the United States. New England Journal of Medicine, 348(26), 2635-2645.
Temin, P. (1980). Taking your medicine: Drug regulation in the United States. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.